Rainforest tropical plant database, medicinal, plant database, amazon plant database, rainforest database, rain forest,

Rainforest tropical plant database, medicinal, plant database, amazon plant database, rainforest database, rain forest,

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Ethnic & Traditional Uses of Rainforest Plants

This quick reference guide is a useful overview of the extensive information provided for each plant in Section 3. Since different parts are of a plant may be used for different conditions, or prepared in different ways, please note which specific part (bark, leaf, root, etc) is being summarized in this guide. In several instances, two summaries are provided for the same plant - but different parts of the plant. This guide will indicate the main method utilized to prepare part of the plant, what main properties/actions it is generally relied on for in herbal medicine systems (in order of preference), the top five conditions it is generally used for in herbal medicine systems (also in order of preference/prevalence), which specific properties/actions have been attributed to it by some kind of research, and which properties/actions have been attributed by only traditional ethnic use. Please remember however, when it refers to research below; it may be just a laboratory experiment, a test tube study, or preliminary animal research and not a human clinical study or medical trial. A very brief summary of cautions is also provided, however, please refer to the main plant section in section 3 for all cautions, contraindications and possible drug interactions prior to using any plant. For more information on "properties and actions" of plants in traditional medicine and a definition of their terms, please refer to the Properties & Actions Table.



The information provided below has been quoted from the book, The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs by Leslie Taylor (Square One Publishers, Inc. 2004) and is intended for educational, entertainment and information purposes only.

The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plants described herein are not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. No claim is made that these plants are effective in treating or curing any disease or condition - these are the history of their traditional uses in herbal medicine systems. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database, this text file in the database and the Raintree Nutrition web site.






ACEROLA (Malphigia glabra)
Main Preparation Method: juice

Main Actions (in order): antioxidant, nutritive, astringent, antifungal

Main Uses:

  1. for its natural high vitamin C content
  2. for colds/flu (for its vitamin C content)
  3. for skin care/anti-aging (for its antioxidant and vitamin content)
  4. as an overall health tonic (tones, balances, strengthens)
  5. as a heart tonic (tones, balances, strengthens)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antioxidant, antifungal

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, astringent, cardiotonic

Cautions: High dosages of vitamin C may cause diarrhea.




AJOS SACHA (Mansoa alliacea)
Main Actions (in order):
analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, febrifuge, antitussive

Main Uses:

  1. for arthritis and rheumatism
  2. for coughs, colds, flu, pneumonia and upper respiratory conditions
  3. as a general pain-reliever (headaches, muscles, joints, body aches)
  4. for fevers (malaria, flu, etc.)
  5. for general inflammation (external and internal)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antihistamine, antioxidant, antispasmodic, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), muscle relaxant, uterine relaxant

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antirheumatic, antitussive, depurative, purgative, tonic, vermifuge

Cautions: None reported.




AMARGO (Quassia amara)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antiparasitic, pediculicide (kills lice), digestive stimulant, bitter digestive aid, liver bile stimulant, antilithic (prevents kidney stones)

Main Uses:

  1. for lice and skin parasites
  2. for intestinal parasites and amebic infections
  3. for malaria
  4. for digestive problems (ulcers, dyspepsia, intestinal gas and bloating, sluggish digestion, anorexia)
  5. as a liver/gallbladder aid to increase bile and eliminate toxins and stones
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
amebicide, analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, antileukemic, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antitumorous, antiulcerous , antiviral, bitter, gastroprotective, insecticide, larvicide, muscle relaxant, pediculicide (kills lice), sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antibacterial, antilithic (prevents kidney stones), antispasmodic, antivenin, carminative (expels gas), febrifuge (reduces fever), liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, digestive stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens liver functions), hypoglycemic, sialogogue (increases saliva), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It interferes with fertility. Large amounts might cause nausea and stomach irritation.





AMOR SECO (Desmodium adscendens)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anti-asthmatic, antispasmodic, bronchodilator, muscle relaxer, antihistamine

Main Uses:

  1. for asthma and allergies
  2. for respiratory problems (bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], emphysema, excessive phlegm/mucous)
  3. as a general antispasmodic, muscle relaxant, and pain-reliever for colic, stomach and bowel cramping, arthritis, muscle/joint aches, pain, injuries and spasms
  4. for menstrual disorders (cramps, excessive bleeding, pain, vaginal discharge)
  5. for convulsions (allergic reactions and epilepsy)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-anaphylactic (stops allergic reactions), anti-asthmatic, anticonvulsant, antihistamine, antispasmodic, bronchodilator, muscle relaxant, potassium maxi-K inhibitor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), blood cleanser, central nervous system (CNS) tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), contraceptive, cough suppressant, digestive stimulant, lactogogue (promotes milk flow), laxative, nervine (balancing/calming nerves), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: none




ANAMU (Petiveria alliacea)
Main Preparation Method: capsules or infusion

Main Actions (in order):
anticancerous, antiviral, anticandidal, antibacterial, immune stimulant

Main Uses:

  1. for cancer and leukemia
  2. for immune disorders (to stimulate immune function and immune cell production)
  3. for colds, flu, and viruses
  4. for Candida and other yeast infections
  5. for urinary tract infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
abortive, analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antileukemic, antibacterial, anticancerous, anticandidal, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antitumorous, antiviral, COX-inhibitor (linked to inflammation), hypoglycemic, immune stimulant, uterine stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-anxiety, antioxidant, anti-rheumatic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), insecticide, menstrual stimulant, sedative, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It has abortive and hypoglycemic effects.




ANDIROBA (Carapa guianensis)
Main Preparation Method: cold pressed oil

Main Actions (in order):
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, insect repellant, antitumorous, wound healer

Main Uses:

  1. for insect bites and stings
  2. as an insect repellant
  3. for psoriasis, dermatitis, heat rash, skin fungi, and other skin problems
  4. for skin parasites
  5. for skin cancer
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, anticancerous, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antitumorous, insect repellant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antiseptic, balsamic, emollient, febrifuge (reduces fever), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: none




ANNATTO LEAVES (Bixa orellana)
Main Preparation Method: leaf infusion

Main Actions (in order):
antimicrobial, diuretic, digestive stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)

Main Uses:

  1. as a topical antiseptic for ear, eye, and skin infections
  2. for digestive problems (heartburn, constipation, stomachache)
  3. for prostate and urinary infections
  4. for hypertension
  5. for high cholesterol levels
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
aldose reductase inhibitor (linked to diabetic complications), antibacterial, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antivenin

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antacid, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, aperient (mild laxative), aphrodisiac, astringent, digestive stimulant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), wound healer

Cautions: It may potentiate medications used to treat hypertension.

ANNATTO SEEDS (Bixa orellana)
Main Preparation Method: seed maceration or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antioxidant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), insect repellant, diuretic, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)

Main Uses:

  1. to tone, balance, and strengthen liver function and for hepatitis and liver inflammation/pain
  2. for high cholesterol
  3. for skin care and skin anti-aging (for its antioxidant and ultraviolet ray [UV]-protective effect)
  4. as a strong diuretic
  5. for high blood pressure
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antioxidant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hyperglycemic; also used as a food-coloring agent

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
expectorant, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), insect repellant, wound healer

Cautions: It might raise blood sugar levels and may potentiate medications used to treat hypertension.




ARTICHOKE (Cynara scolymus)
Main Actions (in order):
liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)

Main Uses:

  1. for gallstones and as a liver and gallbladder bile stimulant
  2. for high cholesterol
  3. for digestive disorders
  4. for irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, and other bowel problems
  5. to support liver function
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antihepatotoxic (clears toxins in liver), antioxidant, liver and gallbladder bile stimulator, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
astringent, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), detoxifier, digestive stimulant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens)

Cautions: none





AVELOZ (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Main Preparation Method: cold maceration or undiluted latex

Main Actions (in order):
tumor promoter, carcinogenic, immune suppressant, irritant, caustic

Main Uses:

  1. for warts (topically applied)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antimicrobial, carcinogenic, caustic, emetic, immune suppressant, irritant, tumor promoter

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: laxative

Cautions: It is not recommended for internal use. It may trigger latent Epstein Barr infection and promote tumor growth.




AVENCA (Adiantum capillus-veneris)
Main Preparation Method: fluid extract or infusion

Main Actions (in order):
cough suppressant, decongestant, expectorant, menstrual stimulant, antimicrobial

Main Uses:

  1. for respiratory problems (coughs, bronchitis, colds, flu, pneumonia, excessive mucous/phlegm)
  2. for hair loss
  3. for gallstones
  4. for menstrual disorders (interruption or absence of menstrual cycle)
  5. as a blood cleanser and liver detoxifier
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-fertility, antibacterial, anticandidal, antiviral, contraceptive, hypoglycemic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antioxidant, cough suppressant, astringent, liver bile stimulator, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), decongestant, detoxifier, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), diuretic, expectorant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), menstrual stimulant, stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), wound healer

Cautions: It has been documented in animals to have contraceptive and anti-fertility effects. It may lower blood sugar levels.




AYAPANA (Ayapana triplinervis)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
stomachic, pectoral, anti-ulcerous, vulnerary, antitumorous

Main Uses:

  1. as a stomachic for digestive problems (nausea, vomiting, stomachaches)
  2. for coughs, sore throat, colds, and bronchitis.
  3. for ulcers (mouth, skin, gastric)
  4. for cuts, scrapes, and wounds
  5. for tumors
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic, antibacterial, anticoagulant, antifeedant, antifungal, antiparasitic, anthelminitic, CNS depressant, pesticidal, sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antiseptic, antineoplastic, antitussive, antiulcerous, astringent, cardiotonic, cicatrizant, depurative, diaphoretic, emollient, hemostat, hepatoprotector, laxative, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, sudorific, vulnerary

Cautions: Contains natural coumarins which may thin the blood.




BALSAM (Myroxylon balsamum)
Main Preparation Method: filtered resin diluted in warm water

Main Actions (in order):
emollient (soothes membranes), cough suppressant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic

Main Uses:

  1. for coughs and lung congestion
  2. for skin rashes and wounds
  3. for head lice
  4. for skin parasites and ringworm
  5. for colds, flu, and strep throat
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, antiparasitic, antiseptic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antifungal, anti-inflammatory, cough suppressant, expectorant

Cautions: Some people are allergic or sensitive to the resin and develop rashes or hives.




BELLACO CASPI (Himatanthus succuba)
Main Preparation Method: decoction, tincture, capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antimicrobial, antitumorus, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, analgesic

Main Uses:

  1. as a wound healer and broad spectrum antimicrobial (bacteria, fungi, candida)
  2. for tumors and cancer
  3. for lymphatic cleansing, inflammation, and infections
  4. for endometriosis, uterine fibroid tumors, menstrual irregularities and pain, ovarian cysts and ovarian inflammation
  5. as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic for arthritis, back pain, and muscle injury
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-yeast, anti-ulcerogenic, cicatrizant, cytotoxic (cancer cell lines), smooth muscle relaxant, vulnerary

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, antifungal, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac, astringent, depurative, emmenagogue, emollient, febrifuge, laxative, purgative, tonic, vermifuge, vulnerary

Cautions: None reported. High dosages may have a laxative or purgative effect.





BITTER MELON leaf / stem (Momordica charantia)
Main Preparation Method: leaf infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anticancerous, antiviral, antibacterial, digestive stimulant, hypoglycemic

Main Uses:

  1. for cancer
  2. for viral infections (HIV, herpes, Epstein Barr, hepatitis, influenza, and measles)
  3. for bacterial infections (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Salmonella)
  4. as a bitter digestive aid (for dyspepsia and sluggish digestion)
  5. for diabetes
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticancerous, anti-fertility, antileukemic, antiprotozoal, antitumorous, antiviral, hypoglycemic, immune stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antiseptic, bitter, carminative (expels gas), digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), lactagogue (promotes milk flow), menstrual stimulator, purgative, vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: It may lower blood sugar levels.

BITTER MELON fruit / fruit seed (Momordica charantia)
Main Preparation Method: fruit juice

Main Actions (in order):
hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), antibacterial, carminative (expels gas), bitter

Main Uses:

  1. for diabetes
  2. for high cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  3. for H. pylori ulcers
  4. as a bitter digestive aid for intestinal gas, bloating, stomachache, and sluggish digestion
  5. for intestinal parasites
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
abortive, contraceptive, antimicrobial, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antifungal, antiparasitic, antivenin, bitter, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), digestive stimulant, emetic (causes vomiting), menstrual stimulator, purgative (strong laxative), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It lowers blood sugar levels and has abortive and contraceptive effects.




BOBINSANA (Calliandra angustifolia)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, depurative, anti-cancerous, tonic

Main Uses:

  1. for arthritis and rheumatism
  2. as a blood cleanser
  3. for uterine cancer
  4. as a stimulating tonic
  5. for colds/flu
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: COX-1 inhibitor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-arthritic, anticancerous, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, contraceptive, depurative, stimulant, tonic

Cautions: Avoid if seeking pregnancy.




BOLDO (Peumus boldus)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, digestive stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), vermifuge (expels worms)

Main Uses:

  1. for gallstones and as a gallbladder stimulant (to stimulate bile)
  2. to tone, balance, and strengthen liver function (increases liver bile and detoxifies the liver)
  3. for upper digestive tract disorders (ulcers, sluggish digestion, lack of bile, dyspepsia)
  4. for bowel disorders (colitis, leaky gut, constipation, spastic colon, irritable bowel syndrome [IBS])
  5. for intestinal worms and liver flukes
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
abortive, antioxidant, antiparasitic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, digestive stimulant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever) gastroprotective, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic, liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, muscle relaxant, platelet aggregation inhibitor, uterine relaxant, vasorelaxant (relaxes blood vessels), vermifuge (expels worms)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), carminative (expels gas), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), laxative, stimulant

Cautions: It has abortive and blood-thinning effects and may cause birth defects. Don't use while pregnant. Don't exceed recommended dosages.




BRAZIL NUT (Bertholletia excelsa)
Main Preparation Method: eaten as a food

Main Actions (in order): nutritive, antioxidant, emollient

Main Uses:

  1. as a nutritive
  2. as an antioxidant (for its selenium content)
  3. as an emollient (oil is used for the skin and hair)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antioxidant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
emollient, wound healer

Cautions: Brazil nuts can cause an allergic reaction in some people.




BRAZILIAN PEPPERTREE (Schinus molle)
Main Preparation Method: tincture

Main Actions (in order):
antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Main Uses:

  1. as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and antiseptic against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
  2. for Candida and yeast infections
  3. to tone, balance, and strengthen heart function and as a heart regulator for arrhythmia and mild hypertension
  4. to stop bleeding and heal wounds internally and externally
  5. for Mycoplasmal infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancerous, anticandidal, antifungal, antispasmodic, antitumorous, antiviral, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), wound healer

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidepressant, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiseptic, aperient (mild laxative), astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), digestive stimulant, diuretic, menstrual stimulant, stimulant, tonic

Cautions: It has as a mild hypotensive effect (lowers blood pressure).




CAIGUA (Cyclanthera pedata)
Main Preparation Method: fresh juice or juice capsules/tablets

Main Actions (in order):
anticholesterolemic, hypotensive, antidiabetic, diuretic, analgesic

Main Uses:

  1. for high cholesterol
  2. for hypertension and circulatory problems
  3. for diabetes
  4. for gastrointestinal problems
  5. as a topical analgesic
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anticholesterolemic, antihypertriglyceridemic

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anti-arteriosclerotic, anti-inflammatory, anticholesterolemic, antidiabetic, antiparasitic, diuretic, hypotensive

Cautions: None reported.




CAMU-CAMU (Myrciaria dubia)
Main Preparation Method: fruit juice

Main Actions (in order): antioxidant, nutritive, astringent

Main Uses:

  1. for its natural high vitamin C content
  2. for colds/flu (for its vitamin C content)
  3. for skin care/anti-aging (for its antioxidant, mineral, and vitamin content)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antioxidant (vitamin C)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: nutritive

Cautions: none




CANCHALAGUA (Schkuhria pinnata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order): depurative (blood cleanser), antimicrobial, vulnerary (heals wounds/skin), anti-inflammatory, antimalarial

Main Uses:

  1. as a blood cleanser
  2. used internally and externally for pimples, blackheads, and acne
  3. as a diuretic and antimicrobial for urinary tract problems
  4. for skin problems (eczema, dermatitis, etc.)
  5. for malaria
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antispasmodic, anti-yeast

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: anti-inflammatory, antitussive, capillary tonic, depurative, digestive, diuretic, hypoglycemic, stomachic, styptic, and vulnerary

Cautions: None reported.




CARQUEJA (Baccharis genistelloides)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antacid, antiulcerous, digestive stimulant, hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), detoxifier

Main Uses:

  1. for digestive disorders (ulcers, gastroenteritis, acid reflux, and ileocecal valve disorders) and to slow digestion
  2. to tone, balance, and strengthen liver function ( also to eliminate liver flukes, increase liver bile and to remove toxins from the liver)
  3. for gallbladder disorders (stones, pain, lack of bile, sluggish action, toxin build-up)
  4. as a detoxifier (blood, liver, gallbladder, pancreas)
  5. for viral infections (stomach viruses, HIV, herpes simplex)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
abortive, analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerous, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antiviral, digestive stimulant, gastrotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric system), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), insect repellant, uterine stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidiabetic, aperient (mild laxative), bitter digestive aid, blood cleanser, carminative (expels gas), diaphoretic (promotes sweating), diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It has hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) and hypoglycemic actions. It should not be used during pregnancy.




CASHEW (Anacardium occidentalis)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antiseptic, antidysenteric, antibacterial, antiulcerous, astringent

Main Uses:

  1. for diarrhea, dysentery, and colic
  2. as an internal and external antiseptic against bacterial infections
  3. for stomach ulcers (all kinds)
  4. for ear and eye infections
  5. to stop bleeding and heal wounds
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antidiabetic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerous, astringent

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidiabetic, antidysenteric, cough suppressant, decongestant, digestive stimulant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), purgative (strong laxative), refrigerant (reduces body temperature), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), wound healer

Cautions: none




CAT'S CLAW (Uncaria tomentosa)
Main Preparation Method:
decoction, fluid extract, or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
immune stimulant, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic (cellular protector), anticancerous, antiulcerous

Main Uses:

  1. as an immune stimulant and an adjunctive therapy for cancer (to reduce side effects of chemotherapy and protect cells)
  2. as a bowel cleanser and anti-inflammatory for Crohn's, colitis, diverticulitis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and other bowel problems
  3. as an anti-inflammatory for arthritis (all kinds) and muscle pains/strains/injuries
  4. as a general daily tonic (to tone, balance, and strengthen all body functions)
  5. for stomach ulcers and ulcerative colitis and as an ulcer preventative/ stomach and bowel protector)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antiulcerous, anticancerous, antidepressant, antileukemic, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antioxidant, antitumorous, antiviral, contraceptive, immune stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anticoagulant (blood thinner), antidysenteric, blood cleanser, detoxifier, diuretic, gastrotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric system), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), wound healer

Cautions: Do not use before or after an organ or bone marrow transplant since it boosts immune function. May also have a mild blood thinning effect.




CATUABA (Erythroxylum catuaba)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or infusion

Main Actions (in order):
aphrodisiac, nervine (balances/calms nerves), anti-anxiety, central nervous system tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the nervous system), antiviral

Main Uses:

  1. as an aphrodisiac and libido stimulant for males and females
  2. to tone, balance, and calm the central nervous system (and for nerve pain, exhaustion, over stimulation)
  3. for nervousness, emotional stress, and insomnia (related to overactive neurotransmitters)
  4. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)
  5. for poor memory, Alzheimer's disease, and dementia
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, antiviral, vasodilator, vasorelaxant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-anxiety, aphrodisiac, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), central nervous system tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), nervine (balances/calms nerves), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens)

Cautions: none




CHÁ DE BUGRE (Cordia salicifolia)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
appetite suppressant, diuretic, stimulant, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), antiviral

Main Uses:

  1. for weight loss (as a appetite suppressant)
  2. as a mild diuretic
  3. for cellulite
  4. to tone, balance, and strengthen heart function
  5. for herpes simplex
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anticancerous, antiviral, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
appetite suppressant, cough suppressant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), stimulant, wound healer

Cautions: It contains naturally occurring caffeine.





CHANCA PIEDRA (Phyllanthus niruri)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
antilithic (prevents and eliminate kidney stones), hepatoprotective (liver protector), diuretic, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antiviral

Main Uses:

  1. for kidney stones and gallstones (active stones and as a preventative)
  2. to tone, balance, strengthen, detoxify and protect the liver (and to balance liver enzymes)
  3. for viruses, including hepatitis A, B, and C, herpes, and HIV
  4. to tone, balance, strengthen, detoxify and protect the kidneys and to reduce uric acid and increase urination
  5. for hypertension and high cholesterol levels
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antiulcerous , antibacterial, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antilithic (prevents and eliminates kidney stones), antimalarial, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antispasmodic, antiviral, contraceptive, diuretic, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric system), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), uterine relaxant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, blood cleanser, carminative, detoxifier, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), febrifuge (reduces fever), laxative, menstrual stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body systems), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It may increase the effect of diabetic, high blood pressure, and diuretic drugs. Don't use during pregnancy.





CHUCHUHUASI (Maytenus krukovii)
Main Preparation Method: tincture

Main Actions (in order):
muscle relaxant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-reliever), menstrual stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Main Uses:

  1. as an analgesic (pain-reliever), a muscle relaxant, and an anti-inflammatory for arthritis, rheumatism, and back pain
  2. as an aphrodisiac for loss of libido (male and female)
  3. to cool and balance adrenal function
  4. to tone, balance, and strengthen female hormonal systems and for menstrual disorders, libido loss, menstrual pain and cramps
  5. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions) and mild immune stimulant
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
aldose reductase inhibitor (linked to diabetic complications), analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumorous, immune stimulant, protein kinase C inhibitor (linked to inflammation processes)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
adrenal tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the adrenals), antidysenteric, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), menstrual stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: none




CIPO CABELUDO (Mikania hirsutissima)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, decongestant, antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), antileukemic

Main Uses:

  1. for prostatitis, benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), and prostate pain
  2. for urinary tract disorders (infections, cystitis, nephritis, urethritis, kidney stones)
  3. as a pain reliever for neuralgia, arthritis, and general muscle pain
  4. as a decongestant to remove excessive mucous in the bowel, urinary tract, and lungs
  5. for leukemia
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticoagulant, antileukemic, molluscicidal (kills snails)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), anti-rheumatic, blood cleanser, decongestant, diuretic, nervine (balances/calms nerves)

Cautions: Contains coumarin and might thin the blood and/or increase the effect of coumadin drugs.





CLAVILLIA (Mirabilis jalapa)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antiviral, antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antispamodic

Main Uses:

  1. as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial for bacterial, fungal, and viral infections
  2. for Candida and yeast infections
  3. as a bowel cleanser and laxative
  4. for skin problems (eczema, dermatitis, acne, rashes, liver spots, skin fungi, ringworm)
  5. for vaginal discharge, infections, and sexually transmitted diseases
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
abortive, antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antiviral, antispasmodic, uterine stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidysenteric, antiparasitic, carminative (expels gas), detoxifier, digestive stimulant, diuretic, purgative (strong laxative), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: Do not use during pregnancy.





CLAVO HUASCA (Tynanthus panurensis)
Main Preparation Method: tincture

Main Actions (in order):
aphrodisiac, analgesic (pain-reliever), digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), stimulant

Main Uses:

  1. as a female aphrodisiac for pre-menopausal women
  2. for muscle pain and aches
  3. as a digestive aid to calm the stomach, increase appetite, and expel intestinal gas
  4. as a male aphrodisiac and for erectile function
  5. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: none

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), aphrodisiac, anti-rheumatic, carminative (expels gas), digestive stimulant, muscle relaxant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: none





CONDURANGO (Marsdenia cundurango)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or fluid extract

Main Actions (in order):
stomachic, anti-emetic, chologogue, anti-ulcerous, pain reliever (stomach)

Main Uses:

  1. for indigestion, nausea, vomiting and stomach pain
  2. as a bitter stomach tonic to increase appetite
  3. for gastric ulcers
  4. as a digestive aid to increase and stimulate digestive juices and bile
  5. for nervous eating disorders (anorexia, etc.)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-leukemic, antioxidant, antitumorous, stomach stimulant

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
adaptogenic, alterative, analgesic, anti-emetic, appetite stimulant, bitter, chologogue, circulatory stimulant, emmenagogue, hemostat, nervine, stomach relaxant, tonic

Cautions: Avoid use if allergic to latex.




COPAIBA (Copaifera officinalis)
Main Preparation Method: cold-filtered resin

Main Actions (in order):
anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, antimicrobial, wound healer

Main Uses:

  1. as a topical analgesic (pain-reliever) and anti-inflammatory for wounds, rashes, dermatitis, bug bites, boils, and psoriasis
  2. as an antiseptic, disinfectant, and antimicrobial agent for internal and external bacterial infections
  3. for nail and skin fungi
  4. for skin cancer
  5. for stomach ulcers and stomach cancer
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancerous, antifungal, antitumorous, antiulcerous, gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), wound healer

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anesthetic, antacid, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, carminative (expels gas), cough suppressant, disinfectant, diuretic, emetic (causes vomiting), emollient, expectorant, laxative, stimulant

Cautions: May cause a measles-like rash in those allergic to the resin.




CULEN (Psoralea glandulosa)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or fluid extract

Main Actions (in order): febrifuge (reduces fever), antiviral, bronchodilator, vulnerary (heals wounds/skin), stomachic, anthelmintic (expels intestinal worms)

Main Uses:

  1. for fevers, colds, and flu
  2. for other upper respiratory problems (bronchitis, asthma, etc)
  3. for psoriasis, vitiligo, wounds, and other skin problems
  4. as a digestive aid for anorexia, indigestion, intestinal gas, etc.
  5. for intestinal worms and parasites
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antibacterial, antifungal, antihyperlipemic, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, antioxidant, antipsoriatic, antitumorous, antiviral, cytotoxic, febrifuge, hepatoprotective

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: anti-asthmatic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, appetitive, bronchodilator, carminative, diaphoretic, emetic, emmenogogue, emollient, febrifuge, purgative, stomachic, tonic, and vulnerary

Cautions: May cause photosensitivity in high dosages.




CUMASEBA (Swartzia polyphylla)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antibacterial, antiseptic, anticandidal, tonic, anti-rheumatic

Main Uses:

  1. for rheumatism and arthritis
  2. for painful and/or inflamed joint, muscle and/or bone conditions
  3. as a female hormonal tonic and aphrodisiac
  4. for candida, yeast infections and fungal infections
  5. for colds, flu, tuberculosis and other upper respiratory bacterial infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antimycobacterial, cytotoxic, larvacidal, PKC inhibitor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anti-candidal, anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, tonic, and vulnerary

Cautions: None known.




CURARE (Chondrodendron tomentosum)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antibacterial, antiseptic, wound healer, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge (reduces fever)

Main Uses:

  1. for prostatitis
  2. for urinary tract infections
  3. to tone, balance, and strengthen the kidneys (also as a diuretic and for kidney stones)
  4. for vaginal discharge and venereal diseases
  5. for testicular inflammation
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: none

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antilithic (to prevent or eliminate kidney stones), diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), menstrual stimulant, wound healer

Cautions: Do not use while pregnant.




DAMIANA (Turnera aphrodisiaca)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
aphrodisiac, antidepressant, central nervous system depressant, anti-anxiety, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Main Uses:

  1. as a male and female sexual stimulant used to treat erectile dysfunction and anorgasmia
  2. to tone, balance, and strengthen the central nervous system and for emotional stress, depression, and anxiety
  3. as a general hormonal balancing
  4. for nervous stomach, colic, and dyspepsia
  5. for mood disorders (hypochondria, obsessive compulsive disorder, neurosis, paranoia, etc)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
aphrodisiac, central nervous system depressant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-anxiety, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, cough suppressant, aperient (mild laxative), astringent, bitter digestive stimulant, diuretic, expectorant, hormonal, nervine (balances/calms nerves), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: May reduce the absorption of iron.




EMBAUBA (Cecropia peltata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
cough suppressant, anti-asthmatic, decongestant, antispasmodic, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Main Uses:

  1. for asthma
  2. for upper respiratory problems (coughs, bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, pulmonary sarcoidosis)
  3. for upper respiratory bacterial and viral infections
  4. for high blood pressure
  5. for Parkinson's disease
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
ACE-inhibitor (typically lowers blood pressure), analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antispasmodic, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), diuretic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-asthmatic, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiseptic, antivenin, antiviral, astringent, cough suppressant, central nervous system depressant, decongestant, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, expectorant, hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), laxative, menstrual stimulant, wound healer

Cautions: It may increase the effect of diabetic and high blood pressure drugs.




EPAZOTE (Chenopodium ambrosioides)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antiparasitic, vermifuge (expels worms), insecticidal, digestive stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector)

Main Uses:

  1. for intestinal worms and parasites
  2. for skin parasites, lice, and ringworm
  3. to tone, balance, and strengthen the liver (and for liver flukes and parasites)
  4. to tone, balance, and strengthen the stomach and bowel ( and for acid reflux, intestinal gas, cramping, chronic constipation, hemorrhoids, etc)
  5. for coughs, asthma, bronchitis, and other upper respiratory problems
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
amebicide, antibacterial, anticancerous, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antitumorous, ascaricide (kills Ascaris parasitic worms), insecticidal, molluscicidal (kills snails), vermifuge (expels worms)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, anti-inflammatory, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiulcer, carminative, contraceptive, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, diuretic, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens), hepatoprotective (liver protector), laxative, lactagogue (promotes milk flow), menstrual stimulant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), sedative, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), wound healer

Cautions: It should not be used during pregnancy or while breast-feeding. Don't use essential oil internally.




ERVA TOSTÃO (Boerhaavia diffusa)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), hepatoprotective (liver protector), diuretic, menstrual stimulant

Main Uses:

  1. for liver disorders (jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, anemia, flukes, detoxification, chemical injury, etc)
  2. for gallbladder disorders (stones, sluggish function, low bile production, emptying, and detoxification)
  3. for kidney and urinary tract disorders (stones, nephritis, urethritis, infections, renal insufficiency/injury, etc)
  4. for menstrual disorders (pain, cramps, excessive bleeding, uterine spasms, water retention)
  5. to tone, balance, and strengthen the adrenals (and for adrenal exhaustion and excess cortisol production
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
ACE-inhibitor (typically lowers blood pressure), analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antiamebic, antibacterial, anticonvulsant, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antispasmodic, antiviral, liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, diuretic, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), immune modulator (selectively lowers overactive immune cells)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antihistamine, antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), aperient (mild laxative), blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), carminative (expels gas), detoxifier, digestive stimulant, kidney tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the kidneys), lactagogue (promotes milk flow), menstrual stimulant, uterine stimulant, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It is contraindicated in some heart diseases; it has hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), cardiac depressant, and ACE-inhibitor effects.




ESPINHEIRA SANTA (Maytenus ilicifolia)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anticancerous, antacid, antiulcerous, menstrual stimulant, detoxifier

Main Uses:

  1. for cancer (melanoma, carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, leukemia)
  2. for stomach disorders (ulcers, acid reflux, gastritis, dyspepsia, indigestion, and to tone, balance, and strengthen the gastric tract)
  3. as a menstrual stimulant and for estrogen hormonal balancing during menopause
  4. for adrenal exhaustion and to support adrenal function
  5. for detoxification (skin, blood, kidney, stomach, adrenals)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antacid, antiulcerous, anticancerous, antileukemic, antitumorous, contraceptive, estrogenic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, anti-fertility, antiseptic, astringent, blood cleanser, carminative (expels gas), detoxifier, diuretic, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), laxative, menstrual stimulant, sialogogue (increases saliva), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: Do not use with estrogen-positive cancers. It may have contraceptive and estrogen-like actions.




FEDEGOSO (Cassia occidentalis)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
antimicrobial, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), antiparasitic, immune stimulant

Main Uses:

  1. as a broad-spectrum internal and external antimicrobial to treat bacterial and fungal infections
  2. for liver disorders (jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, anemia, detoxification, injury/failure, bile stimulant, etc)
  3. for intestinal worms, internal parasites, skin parasites
  4. as an immune stimulant
  5. as a cellular protector and a preventative to cell damage (immune, liver, kidney, cancer preventative)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antimalarial, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antioxidant, antiparasitic, antispasmodic, aperient (mild laxative), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), immune stimulant, insecticidal, muscle relaxant, weak uterine stimulant, vasoconstrictor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiseptic, astringent, antiviral, bile stimulant, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), contraceptive, detoxifier, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), menstrual stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: May speed the clearance of some drugs in the liver (thereby reducing their effect). It is mildly hypotensive (lowers blood pressure).





GERVÂO (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
antihistamine, bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory, antacid, antiparasitic

Main Uses:

  1. for allergies and respiratory conditions (cold, flu, asthma, bronchitis, etc)
  2. for digestive problems (indigestion, acid reflux, ulcers, constipation, dyspepsia, slow digestion)
  3. as a general pain-reliever and anti-inflammatory for various internal/external painful inflammatory disorders
  4. to tone, balance, strengthen, protect and detoxify the liver (and as a liver bile stimulant and for chronic liver conditions)
  5. for intestinal worms and internal/external parasites
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, anti-anaphylactic (reduces allergic reactions), antidysenteric, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antiulcerous, bronchodilator, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), hepatoprotective (liver protector), larvicidal, laxative, neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), vasodilator

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
abortive, amebicide, antiparasitic, antitumorous, bile stimulant (liver), blood cleanser, cough suppressant, central nervous system depressant, decongestant, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge (reduces fever), gastroprotective (to protect the gastric tract), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), lactagogue (promotes milk flow), menstrual stimulant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), refrigerant (lowers body temperature), sedative, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: Avoid use when pregnant, if allergic to aspirin or have a heart condition.




GRAVIOLA (Annona muricata)
Main Actions (in order):
anticancerous, antitumorous, antimicrobial, antiparasitic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Main Uses:

  1. for cancer (all types)
  2. as a broad-spectrum internal and external antimicrobial to treat bacterial and fungal infections
  3. for internal parasites and worms
  4. for high blood pressure
  5. for depression, stress, and nervous disorders
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticancerous, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antifungal, antimalarial, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antiparasitic, antispasmodic, antitumorous, cardiodepressant, emetic (causes vomiting), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), insecticidal, sedative, uterine stimulant, vasodilator

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antiviral, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), decongestant, digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), nervine (balances/calms nerves), pediculicide (kills lice), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It has cardiodepressant, vasodilator, and hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) actions. Large dosages can cause nausea and vomiting. Avoid combining with ATP-enhancers like CoQ10.



GUACATONGA (Casearia sylvestris)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anticancerous, antitumorous, antiulcerous, antivenin, anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. for cancer (sarcoma, carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma)
  2. for stomach disorders (ulcers, acid reflux, indigestion, dyspepsia, stomachache)
  3. as an antivenin for snake, spider, and bee bites and stings
  4. as a topical analgesic (pain-reliever) and anti-inflammatory for skin diseases, rashes, and wounds
  5. as a blood purifier and general detoxification
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancerous, antifungal, antitumorous, antiulcerous, antivenin, gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anesthetic, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antimutagenic (cellular protector), antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, blood cleanser, detoxifier, digestive stimulant, wound healer

Cautions: none





GUACO (Mikania cordifolia)
Main Preparation Method: fluid extract, syrup, or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
cough suppressant, bronchodilator, expectorant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. for upper respiratory problems (coughs, bronchitis, colds/flu, asthma, allergies, etc)
  2. for various internal and external bacterial and protozoal infections
  3. for Candida and yeast infections
  4. for snakebite and insect bites and stings
  5. as an analgesic (pain-reliever) and anti-inflammatory for arthritis, rheumatism, intestinal inflammation, and ulcers
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-anaphylactic (reduces allergic reactions), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticandidal, anticoagulant (blood thinner), antihistamine, antiprotozoal, antivenin, bronchodilator, cough suppressant, expectorant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anesthetic, anti-asthmatic, anticancerous, antispasmodic, blood cleanser, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), febrifuge (reduces fever), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: It contains up to 10% coumarin (coumadin), which has a blood thinning effect.




GUARANÁ (Paullina cupana)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
stimulant, antioxidant, memory enhancer, nervine (balances/calms nerves), cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Main Uses:

  1. as a caffeine stimulant for energy
  2. as a weight loss aid (suppresses appetite and increases fat-burning)
  3. for headaches and migraines
  4. to tone, balance, and strengthen the heart, as a blood cleanser, and to reduce/prevent sticky blood and blood clots
  5. as a refrigerant (lowers body temperature) to prevent overheating and heat stroke
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, antioxidant, hyperglycemic, memory enhancer, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), platelet aggregation inhibitor (to prevent clogged arteries), stimulant, vasodilator

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticoagulant (blood thinner), antiseptic, aphrodisiac, appetite suppressant, astringent, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), carminative (expels gas), central nervous system stimulant, digestive stimulant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), laxative, menstrual stimulant, thermogenic (increases fat-burning)

Cautions: Avoid if allergic or sensitive to caffeine.




GUAVA (Psidium guajava)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antidysenteric, antiseptic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Main Uses:

  1. for dysentery (bacterial and amebic), diarrhea, colic, and infantile rotavirus enteritis
  2. as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial for internal and external bacterial, fungal, candidal, and amebic infections
  3. to tone, balance, protect and strengthen the heart (and for arrhythmia and some heart diseases)
  4. as a cough suppressant, analgesic (pain-reliever), and febrifuge (reduces fever) for colds, flu, sore throat, etc
  5. as a topical remedy for ear and eye infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
amebicide, analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, anticandidal, antidysenteric, antifungal, antimalarial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antiulcerous, cardiodepressant, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), central nervous system depressant, cough suppressant, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), sedative, vasoconstrictor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, antiseptic, astringent, blood cleanser, digestive stimulant, menstrual stimulant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It has a cardiac depressant effect and is contraindicated in some heart conditions.




HUACAPU (Minquartia guianensis)
Main Actions (in order):
antiviral, antitumoral, antiparasitic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. for viral infections (herpes, hepatitis, etc.)
  2. for cancer
  3. for intestinal parasites and worms
  4. as a pain-reliever for rheumatism, arthritis and other muscular pains
  5. as an antiseptic wound healer
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic (malaria, leishmania), antitumoral

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antitumorous, antiviral, purgative, vermifuge, vulnerary

Cautions: None reported.




HUANARPO MACHO (Jatropha macrantha)
Main Preparation Method: tincture

Main Actions (in order):
aphrodisiac, erectile enhancer, tonic, stimulant, antioxidant

Main Uses:

  1. as a male sexual stimulant, libido enhancer and aphrodisiac
  2. for erectile dysfunction
  3. for renal and adrenal support
  4. as a nervine to calm and support the central nervous system
  5. as an antitussive; for coughs, asthma and bronchitis
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antioxidant, hormone stimulant (testosterone), cytotoxic (Artemia)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
aphrodisiac, anti-asthmatic, anti-diabetic, anti-tussive, antiulcerous, nervine

Cautions: None reported.




IPORURU (Alchornea castaneifolia)
Main Preparation Method: leaf infusion or bark decoction

Main Actions (in order):
anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-reliever), antiviral, antifungal, fertility aid

Main Uses:

  1. for arthritis and rheumatism
  2. as an internal and external anti-inflammatory and pain-reliever for muscle and joint injuries
  3. for fungal and viral infections
  4. for erectile dysfunction and female fertility
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
: anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antitumor, antiviral, COX- inhibitor (typically reduces inflammation)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-arthritic, antihistamine, anti-rheumatic, antispasmodic, cough suppressant, aphrodisiac, fertility aid, hypoglycemic, wound healer

Cautions: none




JABORANDI (Pilocarpus jaborandi)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
diaphoretic (promotes sweating), sialagogue (increases saliva), anti-glaucomic, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever)

Main Uses:

  1. for glaucoma
  2. for detoxification through copious sweating
  3. for dry mouth disorders
  4. for hair loss (applied topically)
  5. for colds, flu, and pneumonia
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, diuretic, sialagogue (increases saliva)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, cardiac depressant, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), lactagogue (promotes milk flow), spasmogenic (induces spasms)

Cautions: Use under practitioner supervision only. See contraindications in main plant section.




JATOBA (Hymenaea courbaril)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
anticandidal, antifungal, antibacterial, stimulant, cough suppressant

Main Uses:

  1. for Candida and yeast infections
  2. for fungal infections (athlete's foot, nail fungus, etc)
  3. for prostatitis
  4. for cystitis and urinary tract infections
  5. as a natural stimulant and energy tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, hepatoprotective (liver protector), molluscicidal (kills snails)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidysenteric, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative (expels gas), cough suppressant, digestive stimulant, diuretic, purgative (strong laxative), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: It has a natural stimulant effect; take before 6 PM to avoid insomnia




JERGON SACHA (Dracontium loretense)
Main Preparation Method: cold maceration, capsules, or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
antiviral, antivenin, cough suppressant, protease inhibitor (typically used for viral infections), anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. for snakebite
  2. for viral infections (HIV, hepatitis, whooping cough, influenza, parvovirus, and others)
  3. for upper respiratory problems (cough, bronchitis, asthma, etc)
  4. for spider, bee, scorpion, and other venomous insect bites
  5. as a topical wound healer
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: none

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, anticancerous, antivenin, antiviral, cough suppressant, diuretic, immune stimulant, larvicidal

Cautions: none




JUAZEIRO (Ziziphus joazeiro)
Main Preparation Method: Decoction, maceration or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge (reduces fever), astringent

Main Uses:

  1. as a topical wound-healer
  2. as a mouthwash for cavities, gingivitis, and tooth extractions
  3. for fevers (all kinds)
  4. as a topical hair remedy for dandruff, hair loss, and seborrhea
  5. for upper respiratory bacterial infections, coughs, and bronchitis
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, febrifuge (reduces fever), wound healer

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antiulcerous, astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), cavity prevention, cough suppressant, digestive stimulant, diuretic, hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver)

Cautions: none




JURUBEBA (Solanum paniculatum)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or fluid extract

Main Actions (in order):
gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), digestive stimulant, antiulcerous, carminative (expels gas)

Main Uses:

  1. to speed digestion and stimulate digestive function
  2. to provide relief from sour stomach, gas, bloating, and general dyspepsia
  3. for stomach ulcers
  4. to tone, balance, strengthen and protect the liver
  5. to tone, balance, and strengthen the heart
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, antiulcerous, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), digestive stimulant, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), antitumorous, aperient (mild laxative), bile stimulant (liver), blood cleanser, carminative (expels gas), decongestant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), nervine (balances/calms nerves), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: It might reduce fertility in men. It has a mild hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) and stimulant effect on the heart and should be used with caution if you have a heart condition.




KALANCHOE (Kalanchoe pinnata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or fresh leaf juice

Main Actions (in order):
immunomodulator (selectively changes some immune functions), central nervous system depressant, analgesic (pain-reliever), antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. applied externally and taken internally for all types of pain and inflammation
  2. applied externally and taken internally for various bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
  3. for leishmaniasis
  4. for earaches (leaf juice dropped into ear)
  5. for upper respiratory infections, flu, and fever
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-allergic, anti-anaphylactic (reduces allergic reactions), anti-inflammatory, antitumorous, antiulcerous, antibacterial, antifungal, antihistamine, antiviral, central nervous system depressant, febrifuge (reduces fever) gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), immunosuppressive (suppresses some immune cells), immunomodulator (modulates some overactive immune cells), insecticidal, muscle relaxant, sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticonvulsant, antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), cough suppressant, carminative (expels gas), cough suppressant, diuretic, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), menstrual stimulant, refrigerant (lowers body temperature), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), uterine stimulant, vasoconstrictor, wound healer

Cautions: Avoid long-term use because of its immune suppressant effects.




MACA (Lepidum meyenii)
Main Preparation Method: eaten fresh/dried, or in capsules.

Main Actions (in order):
tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), nutritive, fertility enhancer, endocrine function support, anti-fatigue

Main Uses:

  1. as a natural source of nutrients (amino acids, minerals, etc.)
  2. to support endocrine function
  3. to reduce fertility problems (both male and female)
  4. to support erectile function
  5. as an aphrodisiac
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
aphrodisiac, fertility enhancer, increases sperm count/motility

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
hormonal, immunostimulant, stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: Large amounts may cause intestinal gas.




MACELA (Achyrocline satureoides)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
antiviral, antibacterial, analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, bile stimulant

Main Uses:

  1. applied externally for pain and inflammation
  2. for respiratory problems (asthma, bronchitis, flu, and upper respiratory bacterial and viral infections)
  3. for arteriosclerosis
  4. for viral infections (hepatitis, HIV, herpes, etc.)
  5. for gallbladder and liver disorders
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticoagulant (blood thinner), antioxidant, antispasmodic, antitumorous, antiviral, bile stimulant, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypoglycemic, immunostimulant, molluscicidal (kills snails)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticonvulsant, antiseptic, cough suppressant, astringent, bitter digestive aid, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), carminative (expels gas), diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, menstrual stimulant, muscle relaxant, neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), sedative, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It has a sedative effect and might increase the effects of other sedatives. People with diabetes should use with caution as it has a mild hypoglycemic effect.




MANACÁ (Brunfelsia uniflora)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
sedative, analgesic (pain-reliever), central nervous system depressant, anti-inflammatory, blood cleanser

Main Uses:

  1. for arthritis and rheumatism (internal and external) and general painful and inflammatory conditions
  2. to cleanse and stimulate the lymphatic system (and for swollen lymph glands)
  3. to relieve menstrual pain and cramps
  4. for colds, flu, and fevers
  5. for venereal diseases
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant (blood thinner), antimutagenic (cellular protector), antispasmodic, central nervous system depressant, febrifuge (reduces fever), insecticide, refrigerant (lowers body temperature)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
abortive, anesthetic, antitumorous, antivenin, blood cleanser, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), laxative, lymphatic stimulant, menstrual stimulant, sedative

Cautions: Use with caution in combination with MAO inhibitors, sedatives, and blood thinners. Avoid if allergic to aspirin/salicylates. Do not exceed recommended dosages.




MATICO (Piper aduncum)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or fluid extract

Main Actions (in order):
stomachic, carminative, vulnerary, antiseptic, hemostat

Main Uses:

  1. for digestive problems (vomiting, nausea, stomachaches, dyspepsia)
  2. as a carminative and stomachic to expel intestinal gas and aid digestion
  3. as an antiseptic wound healer for cuts, scrapes, ulcers, boils, etc.
  4. as a hemostat for internal bleeding (uterine, gastric, pulmonary)
  5. for colds, flu, coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia and other respiratory problems
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, anti-leishmaniasis, antiyeast, antiviral, cytotoxic, insecticidal, molluscicidal

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-hemorrhagic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cicatrizant, chologogue, decongestant, depurative, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, hemostat, nervine, panacea, purgative, resolvent, stomachic, stimulant, styptic, tonic, vulnerary

Cautions: None reported.




MUIRA PUAMA (Ptychopetalum olacoides)
Main Preparation Method: tincture

Main Actions (in order):
aphrodisiac, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), antidepressant, central nervous system tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the central nervous system)

Main Uses:

  1. for erectile dysfunction and impotency
  2. as a male aphrodisiac and libido promoter
  3. as a tonic (tones, balances, strengthens) for males
  4. for hair loss and balding.
  5. central nervous system tonic (tones, balances, strengthens) and antidepressant
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
adaptogen, analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-fatigue, anti-oxidant, antiulcerous, aphrodisiac, central nervous system tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), memory-enhancer, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), neuroprotective (protects brain cells)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidepressant, anti-rheumatic, anti-stress, astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), digestive stimulant, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: none




MULATEIRO (Calycophyllum spruceanum)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antifungal, anticandidal, astringent, insecticidal, wound healer

Main Uses:

  1. for fungal infections of the skin (athlete's foot, nail fungus, etc.)
  2. for skin parasites
  3. for Candida and yeast infections
  4. as a skin aid for wrinkles, scars, freckles, and age spots
  5. for diabetes
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antioxidant, insecticidal, insect repellant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidiabetic, antiparasitic, astringent, emollient, wound healer

Cautions: none




MULLACA (Physalis angulata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antibacterial, antimycoplasmal, anticancerous, immunomodulator, antiviral

Main Uses:

  1. for bacterial infections of all kinds
  2. for cancer and leukemia
  3. for mycoplasma and mycobacteria infections
  4. for skin diseases (dermatitis, psoriasis, skin infections, rosaceae, scleroderma, etc.)
  5. for viral infections of all kinds
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticancerous, anticoagulant (blood thinner), antileukemic, antimycobacterial, antispasmodic, antitumorous, antiviral, hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), immunomodulator (modulates some overactive immune cells), immunostimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiseptic, blood cleanser, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge (reduces fever) hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), sedative, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It may thin the blood and lower blood pressure




MULUNGU (Erythrina mulungu)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antidepressant, anti-anxiety, sedative, nervine (balances/calms nerves), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver)

Main Uses:

  1. for mental disorders (depression, anxiety, stress, hysteria, panic disorders, compulsive disorders, etc.)
  2. as a sedative for insomnia, restlessness, and sleep disorders
  3. for liver disorders (hepatitis, obstructions, high liver enzyme levels, sclerosis, etc.)
  4. for high blood pressure and heart palpitations
  5. for drug and nicotine withdrawal
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-anxiety, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimycobacterial, anti-spasmodic, hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anticonvulsant, antiseptic, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), central nervous system depressant, hypnotic, lactagogue (promotes milk flow), nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain)

Cautions: It may lower blood pressure and may cause drowsiness.




MUTAMBA (Guazuma ulmifolia)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antioxidant, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Main Uses:

  1. as a topical hair remedy for hair loss and baldness
  2. as a digestive aid for stomachache, diarrhea, dysentery, and stomach inflammation
  3. as an external skin remedy for wounds, rashes, skin parasites, dermatitis, fungal infections and leprosy
  4. for viral and bacterial infections (including syphilis, gonorrhea, upper respiratory viruses, and kidney infections)
  5. as an astringent to stop bleeding
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
ACE-inhibitor (typically lowers blood pressure), antibacterial, anticancerous, antifungal, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antitumorous, antiviral, cardiac depressant, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), muscle relaxant, uterine stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), cough suppressant, antiulcerous, astringent, blood cleanser, cough suppressant, decongestant, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, emollient, febrifuge (reduces fever), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), wound healer

Cautions: Use with caution and under doctor supervision if you have a heart condition.




NETTLE (Urtica dioica)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anti-allergic, anti-anaphylactic, anti-inflammatory, decongestant, diuretic

Main Uses:

  1. for seasonal allergies, rhinitis, and sinusitis
  2. for BPH and prostatitis
  3. for arthritis, rheumatism and other inflammatory conditions
  4. for high blood pressure
  5. for hair loss
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-allergy, anti-anaphylatic, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antihistamine, decongestant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), immunomodulator (selectively modulates overactive immune cells)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-asthmatic, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), anti-rheumatic, astringent, blood cleanser, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), febrifuge (reduces fever), laxative, menstrual stimulant, wound healer

Cautions: It may lower blood pressure and heart rate. Avoid chronic use due to its diuretic effects.




PASSIONFLOWER (Passiflora incarnata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
antidepressant, analgesic (pain-reliever), antispasmodic, sedative, central nervous system depressant

Main Uses:

  1. for mood disorders (depression, anxiety, stress)
  2. for insomnia and sleep disorders
  3. for headaches, migraines and general pain
  4. for stomach problems (colic, nervous stomach, indigestion, etc.)
  5. to relieve menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, cough suppressant, aphrodisiac, cough suppressant, central nervous system depressant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticonvulsant, antidepressant, astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), disinfectant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), tranquilizer, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It may cause drowsiness or have a tranquilizing effect.




PATA DE VACA (Bauhinia forficata)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antidiabetic, hypoglycemic, diuretic, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)

Main Uses:

  1. for diabetes
  2. as a diuretic for kidney and urinary disorders (including polyuria, cystitis and kidney stones)
  3. as a blood cleanser and to build blood cells
  4. for high cholesterol
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antidiabetic, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), diuretic, hypoglycemic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antivenin, astringent, blood cleanser, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), uterine relaxant, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: Diabetics should use under doctor supervision as insulin medications may need adjusting.




PAU D'ARCO (Tabebuia impetiginosa)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
anticandidal, antifungal, antiviral, antibacterial, anticancerous

Main Uses:

  1. for Candida, yeast, and other fungal infections (taken internally and used as a douche or topically).
  2. for leukemia and cancer
  3. for colds, flu, and other upper-respiratory bacterial and viral infections
  4. for sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea, etc.)
  5. for psoriasis and dermatitis
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, anticancerous, anticandidal, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antileukemic, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antitumorous, antiviral, insecticidal

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-allergy, antiulcerous , anticoagulant (blood thinner), antidysenteric, antioxidant, anti-rheumatic, antivenin, astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), immunostimulant, laxative

Cautions: In excessive amounts, it may cause gastrointestinal upset or nausea.




PEDRA HUME CAA (Myrcia salicifolia)
Main Preparation Method:infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antidiabetic, hypoglycemic, aldose reductase inhibitor (prevents diabetic complications), astringent, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Main Uses:

  1. for diabetes
  2. as a preventative to diabetic neuropathy and macular degeneration
  3. for hypertension and as a heart tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)
  4. for enteritis, diarrhea and dysentery
  5. as an astringent to stop bleeding and hemorrhages
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, aldose reductase inhibitor, appetite suppressant, hypoglycemic

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antioxidant, astringent, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Cautions: It lowers blood sugar levels. It is contraindicated in hypoglycemia. Diabetics should monitor their glucose levels closely.




PICAO PRETO (Bidens pilosa)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective (liver protector), antiulcerous, antidiabetic

Main Uses:

  1. as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial for various internal and external infections (caused by virus, bacteria, yeast, fungi)
  2. to tone, balance, strengthen, protect, and detoxify the liver
  3. for arthritis, rheumatism, and other inflammatory conditions
  4. for diabetes
  5. for stomach ulcers and digestive disorders
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anticandidal, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerous, antibacterial, anticoagulant (blood thinner), antifungal, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antileukemic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antitumorous, antivenin, antiviral, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), COX-inhibitor (typically reduces inflammation), gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), immunomodulator (selectively modulates overactive immune cells), uterine stimulant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
abortive, antidiabetic, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiparasitic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, cough suppressant, astringent, bitter, carminative, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), diuretic, emollient, febrifuge (reduces fever), menstrual stimulant, stimulant, vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: It may potentiate the effects of antidiabetic, blood thinning, and high blood pressure drugs.




PIRI-PIRI (Cyperus articulatus)
Main Preparation Method: fluid extract or maceration

Main Actions (in order):
anti-emetic (stops vomiting), stomachic (aids digestion), carminative (expels gas), nervine, anticonvulsant

Main Uses:

  1. for vomiting and nausea
  2. for digestive and intestinal disorders
  3. for stress, anxiety, and nervousness
  4. for intestinal worms
  5. for epilepsy and convulsions
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticandidal, anticonvulsant, anti-epileptic, antimalarial, antioxidant, sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
abortifacient, anthelmintic, anticonvulsant, anti-epileptic, antivenin, carminative, contraceptive, demulcent, hemostat, nervine, stomachic, tonic and vulnerary

Cautions: Avoid if seeking to become pregnant.




QUININE (Cinchona sp.)
Main Preparation Method: decoction

Main Actions (in order):
antimalarial, bitter digestive aid, antiparasitic, antispasmodic, febrifuge (reduces fever)

Main Uses:

  1. for malaria
  2. as a bitter digestive aid to stimulate digestive juices
  3. for nocturnal leg cramps
  4. for intestinal parasites and protozoa
  5. for arrhythmia and other heart conditions
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-arrhythmic, antimalarial, antiparasitic, antiprotozoal, antispasmodic, bitter digestive aid, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
amebicide, analgesic (pain-reliever), antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, astringent, digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), insecticide, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain)

Cautions: It contains quinine alkaloids that are toxic in large doses. Do not exceed recommended dosages. See other contraindications in main plant section.




REMO CASPI (Aspidosperma excelsum)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order): antimalarial, stomachic, antiseptic, antitussive, aphrodisiac

Main Uses:

  1. for malaria
  2. as a cough suppressant for bronchitis and other respiratory conditions
  3. for digestive difficulties, bloating and gas
  4. as an aphrodisiac
  5. for high blood pressure
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antibacterial, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiplasmodial, antitumor

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: antimalarial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antitussive, aphrodisiac, carminative, cicatrizant, febrifuge, stomachic

Cautions: None reported.




SAMAMBAIA (Polypodium decumanum)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
immunomodulator (selectively modulates overactive immune cells), antipsoriatic, neuroprotective (protects brain cells), cough suppressant, anti-inflammatory

Main Uses:

  1. for psoriasis and other skin conditions
  2. for Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and memory problems
  3. for coughs, bronchitis, chest colds, and other upper respiratory problems
  4. for autoimmune disorders
  5. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), a cellular-protector, and anti-aging aid
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antidysenteric, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antioxidant, antipsoriatic, immunomodulator, neuroprotective (protects brain cells)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticancerous, cough suppressant, aperient (mild laxative), blood cleanser, cough suppressant, detoxifier, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), expectorant, febrifuge (reduces fever), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: Do not use in combination with digitalis and some heart drugs.




SANGRE DE GRADO (Croton lechleri)
Main Preparation Method: undiluted resin is taken internally (in small amount of juice/water) or applied topically

Main Actions (in order):
wound healer, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding)

Main Uses:

  1. to stop bleeding and to seal, and heal wounds, burns, cuts, tooth extractions
  2. for herpes virus ulcers (taken internally and applied topically)
  3. for skin fungi, rashes, and dermatitis
  4. for insect bites, poison ivy and other itchy or allergic skin reactions
  5. for stomach ulcers, ulcerative colitis, dysentery and diarrhea
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anesthetic, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidysenteric, antifungal, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antileukemic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antitumorous, antiviral, neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), wound healer

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, anti-itch, antiulcerous, astringent, blood cleanser

Cautions: The red resin stains clothes/fabric permanently.




SARSAPARILLA (Smilax officinalis)
Main Preparation Method: capsules or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
blood cleanser, immunomodulator (selectively reduces overactive immune cells), antimutagenic (cellular protector), detoxifier, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Main Uses:

  1. for psoriasis, dermatitis, leprosy, and other skin disorders
  2. as a blood purifier and general detoxification aid
  3. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), stimulant, and hormonal regulator
  4. for arthritis, rheumatism and autoimmune disorders which cause inflammation
  5. for syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antimutagenic (cellular protector), blood cleanser, detoxifier, diuretic, hepatoprotective (liver protector), immunomodulator (selectively reduces overactive immune cells), neuroprotective (protects brain cells)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
absorption aid, analgesic (pain-reliever), anticancerous, antioxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), wound healer

Cautions: Excessive dosages can cause gastrointestinal irritation.




SCARLET BUSH (Hamelia patens)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
): analgesic, antispetic, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge (reduces fever), refrigerant (reduces body temperature)

Main Uses:

  1. as a topical anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-reliever) remedy for skin problems (rashes, bites, stings, etc) and for bruises, strains, muscle aches, sprains, etc
  2. as a topical astringent, antiseptic, and antimicrobial remedy for wounds, cuts, burns, skin fungi, etc
  3. for fevers and to lower body temperature (to prevent sunstroke, overheating)
  4. taken internally for inflammation (rheumatism, arthritis, etc)
  5. taken internally for pain (headaches, menstrual cramps, postpartum pain, etc.)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, antitumorous , antibacterial, antifungal, diuretic, immunostimulant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), refrigerant (lowers body temperature

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidysenteric, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), antiparasitic, astringent, febrifuge (reduces fever), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: none




SIMAROUBA (Simarouba amara)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or tincture

Main Actions (in order):
antidysenteric, amebicide, antiparasitic, antiviral, antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding)

Main Uses:

  1. for dysentery (amebic and bacterial) and diarrhea
  2. for intestinal worms and internal parasites
  3. for malaria
  4. as an astringent to stop bleeding internally (stomach ulcers, hemorrhages, etc) and externally for wounds
  5. for viral infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
amebicide, antibacterial, anticancerous, antidysenteric, antileukemic, antimalarial, antimutagenic (cellular protector), antiparasitic, antitumorous, antiviral, vermifuge (expels worms)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antihemorrhagic (reduces bleeding), astringent, bitter, carminative, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), digestive stimulant, febrifuge (reduces fever), menstrual stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: Large dosages might cause nausea and vomiting.




STEVIA (Stevia rebaudiana)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or dry powder extract

Main Actions (in order):
sweetener, hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), antimicrobial

Main Uses:

  1. as a natural sweetener
  2. for diabetes
  3. for high blood pressure
  4. for cavity prevention
  5. as a weight loss aid
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anticandidal, antifungal, antiviral, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), diuretic, hypoglycemic, vasodilator

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
tonic, wound healer

Cautions: none




SUMA (Pfaffia paniculata)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
adaptogen, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens), aphrodisiac, steroidal, immunostimulant

Main Uses:

  1. as a general tonic (tones, balances, strengthens) for balancing, energizing, rejuvenating and muscle growth
  2. for hormonal disorders (menopause, PMS, etc)
  3. for chronic fatigue and general tiredness
  4. for sexual disorders (impotency, frigidity, low libido, etc)
  5. for sickle cell anemia
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antitumorous, anticancerous, antileukemic, aphrodisiac, cellular protector, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), immunomodulator (selectively modulates overactive immune cells), steroidal

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
adaptogen, anti-allergy, antioxidant, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), carminative (expels gas), estrogenic, immunostimulant, nervine (balances/calms nerves), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: It may have estrogen-like effects. Do not use with estrogen-positive cancers.




TAMAMURI (Brosimum acutifolium)
Main Preparation Method: tincture or decoction

Main Actions (in order):
anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antisyphilitic, anticandidal

Main Uses:

  1. for arthritis, rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis
  2. for general pain and inflammation (i.e.; muscle pain, injuries, headaches, etc.)
  3. for syphilis
  4. for yeast infections (candida) and skin fungi
  5. for gastric ulcers (H. pylori) and other gastrointestinal problems
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, anti-candidal, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, cytotoxic, PKA inhibitor, PKC inhibitor

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
analgesic, anthelmintic, anti-anemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-leukemic, anti-rheumatic, anti-syphilitic, aphrodisiac, appetite stimulant, depurative, tonic, and vermifuge

Cautions: None reported.




TAYUYA (Cayaponia tayuya)
Main Actions (in order):
analgesic (pain-reliever), nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), anti-inflammatory, detoxifier

Main Uses:

  1. for pain of all types (arthritis, migraines and headaches, stomach aches, menstrual pain, etc.)
  2. for central nervous system disorders (sciatica, neuralgia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, nerve injuries, etc.)
  3. for general detoxification aid and blood cleanser.
  4. for acne, eczema, dermatitis and other skin problems.
  5. for emotional fatigue and depression.
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antioxidant

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anti-rheumatic, antisyphilitic, antiulcerous, antivenin, bitter, blood cleanser, detoxifier, digestive stimulant, diuretic, laxative, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), sedative, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: Large dosages may cause drowsiness.




UBOS LEAVES (Spondias mombin)
Main Preparation Method: infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order): antibacterial, antiviral, anthelminthic, stomachic, anti-anxiety

Main Uses:

  1. as a broad spectrum antiseptic and antibacterial
  2. for viruses
  3. for intestinal worms and parasites
  4. as a menstrual regulator and for menstrual pain, cramps and irregularity, vaginal infections and yeast infections.
  5. as a nervine; for stress and anxiety
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: abortifacient, anthelmintic, antibacterial, anticandidal, anticarcinogenic, anticonvulsant, antidopaminergic, antifungal, antioxidant, antispasmodic, antiviral, anti-yeast, anxiolytic, cytotoxic, smooth muscle relaxant, hemostatic, sedative, and uterine stimulant

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: abortifacient, anthelmintic, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitussive, antiviral, astringent, diuretic, hemostat, lactagogue, oxytocic, refrigerant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge, and vulnerary

Cautions: Do not use if pregnant. Do not use if allergic to aspirin.

UBOS BARK (Spondias mombin)
Main Preparation Method: decoction or tincture

Main Actions (in order): anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antispasmodic, vulnerary, antimicrobial

Main Uses:

  1. as an anti-inflammatory for arthritis, muscle and joint injuries, etc.
  2. as a pain-reliever for various types of internal and external pains
  3. as an astringent and antiseptic wound healer for rashes, cuts, wounds, abrasions and other skin conditions
  4. for rotoviral diarrhea and dysentery
  5. for ovarian and uterine cancer
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antibacterial, anti-candidal, anti-carcinomic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, COX-inhibitor, cytotoxic, and uterine stimulant

Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: abortive, analgesic, anti-arthritic, antibacterial, anticancerous, antidysenteric, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antiulcerous, antiviral, astringent, cicatrizant, contraceptive, hemostat, and vulnerary

Cautions: Do not use if pregnant or seeking to become pregnant.




VASSOURINHA (Scoparia dulcis)
Main Preparation Method: decoction, infusion or capsules

Main Actions (in order):
anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic (pain-reliever), antispasmodic, anticancerous

Main Uses:

  1. for menstrual problems (pain, cramps, premenstrual syndrome [PMS], to promote and normalize menstruation)
  2. for upper respiratory bacterial and viral infections
  3. to relieve pain of all types (arthritis, migraines and headaches, stomach aches, muscle pain, etc)
  4. to tone, balance, and strengthen heart function (and for mild hypertension)
  5. for venereal diseases and urinary tract infections
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, antitumorous, antibacterial, anticancerous, antifungal, antileukemic, antispasmodic, antiviral, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens heart function), central nervous system depressant, diuretic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), sedative

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
: abortive, antimalarial, cough suppressant, antivenin, contraceptive, decongestant, detoxifier, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge (reduces fever), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), insecticide, menstrual stimulant, refrigerant (lowers body temperature), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), vermifuge (expels worms), wound healer

Cautions: Use with caution in combination with barbiturates and antidepressants. It has hypoglycemic effects.




VELVET BEAN (Mucuna pruriens)
Main Preparation Method: capsules or standardize extract

Main Actions (in order):
anti-Parkinson's, androgenic, aphrodisiac, hypoglycemic, anabolic

Main Uses:

  1. for Parkinson's disease (contains natural L-dopa)
  2. for impotency and erectile dysfunction
  3. as an aphrodisiac and to increase testosterone
  4. as a muscle builder and anabolic/androgenic aid to stimulate growth hormone
  5. as a weight loss aid
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anabolic, androgenic, analgesic (pain-reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-Parkinson's, antispasmodic, antivenin, aphrodisiac, febrifuge (reduces fever), hormonal, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), hypoglycemic, immunomodulator, nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), antiparasitic, cough suppressant, blood cleanser, carminative (expels gas), central nervous system stimulant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), menstrual stimulant, uterine stimulant, vermifuge (expels worms)

Cautions: It contains L-dopa and has androgenic and hypoglycemic activity. See further cautions in next chapter.




YACON (Smallanthus sonchifolius)
Main Actions (in order):
hypoglycemic, antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, liver protector

Main Uses (leaves):

  1. for diabetes and high blood sugar
  2. as a liver tonic and for liver problems
  3. as an antimicrobial for kidney and bladder infections
  4. as an antioxidant (especially for the liver)
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifungal, antioxidant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (liver tonic), immunostimulant,

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
antidiabetic, stomachic (digesive aid)

Cautions: The leaves will enhance the effect of insulin and diabetic drugs.




YERBA MATE (Ilex paraguariensis)
Main Preparation Method: infusion

Main Actions (in order):
stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions), thermogenic (increase fat-burning), nervine (balances/calms nerves), anti-allergy

Main Uses:

  1. as a stimulant (for its caffeine content)
  2. as an overall tonic (tones, balances, strengthens the body) and digestive aid
  3. for obesity and as part of weight loss regimens
  4. as a general nervine (balances/calms nerves) for nerve pain, nervous fatigue, and depression
  5. for allergies and sinusitis
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, bile stimulant, stimulant, thermogenic (increases fat burning), vasodilator

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-allergy, antidepressant, appetite suppressant, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), central nervous system stimulant, digestive stimulant, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), nervine (balances/calms nerves), neurasthenic (reduces nerve pain), neuroprotective (protects brain cells), purgative (strong laxative)

Cautions: It contains natural caffeine. Don't use if allergic to caffeine or zanthines





The information provided above has been quoted from the book, The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs by Leslie Taylor (© Copyrighted 2004) and is intended for educational, entertainment and information purposes only.

The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plants described herein are not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. No claim is made that these plants are effective in treating or curing any disease or condition. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database, this text file in the database and the Raintree web site.








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