Canafistula - Cassia fistula Canafistula - Cassia fistula

Database File for:

Canafistula
(Cassia fistula)

Main databaseCommon nameBotanical nameEthnic usesConditionsActions
  
Canafistula - Cassia fistula Canafistula - Cassia fistula, Canafistula - Cassia fistula, Canafistula - Cassia fistula PLANT
IMAGES


Photos




WEB
RESOURCES
Canafistula


  • Product Search

  • Medline Abstracts

  • PubMed FullText

  • U.S. Patents

  • Purdue Info

  • Ethnobotany DB

  • W3TROPICOS DB

  • GRIN DB

  • USF DB

  • USDA DB

  • ITIS DB



    WEBSITE LINKS

  • Home Page
  • About the Author
  • Plant Images
  • Rainforest Products
  • Rainforest Gallery
  • Rainforest Facts
  • Article Section
  • Rainforest Links
  • Search Site
  • Conditions of Use











    Free Service

    Español
    Português
    Deutsch
    Italiano
    Français
    Norsk


  • Family: Fabaceae
    Genus: Cassia
    Species: fistula
    Common Names: canafistula, golden shower, Indian laburnum, purging fistula, purging cassia, gurmala, baton casse, ch'ang kuo tzu shu, chacara, nanban-saikati, samyaka, sember hiyari agaci, kachang kayu (woody bean), kallober, keyok, klober, klohur
    Part Used: Fruit, Leaves, Bark


    CANAFISTULA
    HERBAL PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS
    Main Actions Other Actions Standard Dosage
  • moderate laxative
  • relieves pain
  • Leaves, bark
  • antioxidant
  • reduces fever
  • Infusion: 1/2 cup twice daily
  • kills viruses
  • lowers cholesterol
  • Tincture: 1-2 ml twice daily
  • lowers blood sugar
  • stimulates digestion
  •  
  • kills parasites
  •    
  • astringent
  •    

    Canafistula is a fast-growing, medium-sized, deciduous tree which grows to about 9 meters in height. Leaves are compound, with 4-8 pairs of opposite leaflets. It produces flowers which are golden yellow and hang in showering bunches of up to 40 cm long earning its common name of "golden shower tree." The flowers appear when the branches are bare, just before the new leaves emerge and are a favorite of bees and butterflies. The blooms are followed by the production of two-foot-long, dark brown, cylindrical, woody seed pods which persist on the tree throughout the winter before falling to litter the ground. Canafistula is native to India, the Amazon and Sri Lanka, and is now widely cultivated worldwide as an ornamental tree for its beautiful showy yellow flowers.

    TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES

    There are many Cassia species worldwide which are used in herbal medicine systems. This particular family of plants are used widely for their laxative actions. Canafistula is no exception... it is often used as a highly effective moderate laxative that is safe even for children. However, in large doses, the leaves and bark can cause vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain and cramps. Canafistula is also employed as a remedy for tumors of the abdomen, glands, liver, stomach, and throat, for burns, cancer, constipation, convulsions, delirium, diarrhea, dysuria, epilepsy, gravel, hematuria, pimples, and glandular tumors. In Ayurvedic medicine systems, the seeds are attributed with antibilious, aperitif, carminative, and laxative properties while the the root is used for adenopathy, burning sensations, leprosy, skin diseases, syphilis, and tubercular glands. The leaves are employed there for erysipelas, malaria, rheumatism, and ulcers. In Brazilian herbal medicine, the seeds are used as a laxative and the leaves and/or bark is used for pain and inflammation.

    PLANT CHEMICALS

    Canafistula's laxative actions come from a group of well documented compounds called anthraquinones that are found in all Cassia and Senna plants in varying degrees. The seeds contain approximately 2% anthraquinones, 24% crude protein, 4.5% crude fat, 6.5% crude fiber, and 50% carbohydrates. The leaves have been documented with 15.88% crude protein, 6.65% crude fat, 20% crude fiber, and 39.86% carbohydrates. In addition to the anthraquinone glycosides, other compounds documented in the plant include fistulic acid, rhein, rheinglucoside, galactomannan, sennosides A and B, tannin, phlobaphenes, oxyanthraquinone substances, emodin, chrysophanic acid, fistuacacidin, barbaloin, lupeol, beta-sitosterol, and hexacosanol.

    BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH

    Various laboratory studies report that canafistula has evidenced antioxidant, hypoglycemic, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, antibacterial, antiviral, laxative, liver protective, mild estrogenic, antitumorous, cholesterol lowering, pain relieving, and fever reducing actions.


    WORLDWIDE ETHNOMEDICAL USES
    Brazil as a laxative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory
    Dominican
    Republic
    as a laxative, vermifuge
    India for burns, cancer, convulsion, delirium, diarrhea, dysuria, epilepsy, gravel, hematuria, pimples, syphilis
    Java for carbuncles, dermatosis, herpes, wounds; as a purgative, laxative
    Mexico as a laxative
    Panama for diabetes
    Peru as an astringent, laxative, purgative
    Venezuela as an astringent, laxative, purgative
    Elsewhere for constipation, flu, fumitory, tumors; as an aperient, laxative, purgative





    The above text has been authored by Leslie Taylor and copyrighted © 2005 All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, including websites, without written permission.



    * The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained in this plant database file is intended for education, entertainment and information purposes only. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plant described herein is not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database file and web site.




    © Copyrighted 1996 to present by Leslie Taylor, Milam County, TX 77857.
    All rights reserved. Please read the Conditions of Use, and Copyright Statement for this web page and web site.
    Last updated 2-6-2013