Jequerity - Abrus precatorius Jequerity - Abrus precatorius

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JEQUERITY
(Abrus precatorius)

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    • Family: Fabaceae
      Genus: Abrus
      Species: precatorius
      Common names: Tento muido, Crab's Eye, Precatory Bean, Jequerity, Cain Ghe, Graines Reglisse, Gunchi, Hint Meyankoku, Hung Tou, Jequerit, Liane Reglisse, Ma Liao Tou, Paratella, Paternoster, Peonia De St Tomas, Peonia, Pois Rouge, Reglisse, Rosary Pea, To-Azuki, Weesboontje, Rakat
      Part Used: Leaf, Seed, Root



    PLANT DESCRIPTION
    Properties
    & Actions:
    Abortifacient, Anodyne, Aphrodisiac, Antimicrobial, Diuretic, Emetic, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Hemostat, Laxative, Purgative, Refrigerant, Sedative, Vermifuge
    Plant
    Chemicals
    Include:
    (+)-abrine, Abraline, Abrasine, Abricin, Abrin, Abrisin, Abrusgenic-acid, Abrusgenic-acid-methyl-ester, Abruslactone, Abrussic-acid, Anthocyanins, Ash, Calcium, Campesterol, Choline, Cycloartenol, Delphinidin, Gallic-acid,, Glycyrrhizin, Hypaphorine, N,n-dimethyl-tryptophan, N,n-dimethyl-tryptophan-metho-cation-methyl-ester, P-coumaroylgalloyl-glucodelphinidin, Pectin, Pentosans, Phosphorus, Picatorine, Polygalacturonic-acids, Precasine, Precatorine, Protein Trigonelline
    Ethnobotanical
    Uses
    Abortifacient, Ache(Head), Anodynem, Antidote, Aphrodisiac, Bilious, Bite(Snake,) Bladder, Blennorrhagia, Boil, Cancer, Chest, CNS-Sedative, Cold, Colic, Collyrium, Conjunctivitis, Consumption, Contraceptive, Convulsion, Cough, Diarrhea, Diuretic, Dysuria, Emetic, Emollient, Enteritis, Epithelioma, Expectorant, Expectorant, Eye Fatal, Fatality, Febrifuge, Fever, Fracture(Veterinary), Freckle, Gastritis, Gingivitis, Gonorrhea, Gravel, Heart, Hemostat, Hoarseness, Homicide, Hookworms, Insomnia, Jaundice, Kidney, Laxative, Loin, Malaria, Masticatory, Myalgia, Night-Blindness, Ophthalmia, Ordeal, Pectoral, Poison, Puerperium, Purgative, Refrigerant, Rheumatism, Sedative, Skin, Sprue, Stomach, Styptic, Sweetener, Throat, Trachoma, Urogenital, Venereal, Vermifuge


    The plant is a slender twiner with alternately placed compound leaves. Each leaf has about 20 pairs of narrow, oblong leaflets, looking like a delicate feather. The rose to purple flowers are crowded at the end of a stalk. Fruits are short, inflated pods, splitting open when mature to reveal the round, hard and shiny seeds which are scarlet but black at the base. The plant is native to the tropics. It grows by the seashore among the undergrowth and in hedges. Seeds when broken or chewed or when the external coat is removed are toxic. The highly attractive seeds are sought after by children for beads. They are sometimes made into necklaces and rosaries. Seeds are extremely poisonous if cracked; a single one, if swallowed can be fatal.



    REFERENCED QUOTES

    From Medicinal Plants Information of Orissa (India):
    Local Names: Kaincha (Oriya), Kawa (Santal), Runja
    Description of the Plant: Climber. Flowering in October. Fruiting in November. Seeds of four different colours (black, grey, white and red) are found in nature. Occurs in hilly region.
    Plant Parts Used: Root / Leaf / Seed.
    Healthcare Properties:
    1. Abdominal discomfort: Grind the root of Abrus precatorius to make a paste of it. Administer 5 g of the paste as a single dose. A single dose cures abdominal tumour also. (G-12) [OR-1-3-385]
    2. Abortion: Collect the root of Abrus precatorius on any Saturday and grind it with water to a fine paste. Take 5 ml to 10 ml of this paste orally as a single dose once only. (T-1) [OR-2-1-1222]
    3. Contraceptive: Peel off seed coats of two seeds of Abrus precatorius. Insert the seeds in a ripe banana. After menstruation, take bath and eat the banana as one dose in a day. Follow this treatment for 3 days. (B-34) [OR-2-2-1324] (or) Peel off seed coats of three seeds of Abrus precatorius. Take the three seeds as a single dose on the third day of the menstruation. This acts as a contraceptive for three years. (S-16) [OR-1-1-100]
    4. Cough: Grind the roots of Abrus precatorius. Take 5 g of this paste with pure ghee (made from cow's milk) thrice a day for four days. Precaution: Don't take any non-vegetarian food during the course of this treatment. (F-1) [OR-3-3-169]
    5. Evil spirit: Grind the root of Abrus precatorius with 3 to 5 number. of black pepper and 5 g of dried ginger to make a paste. Take this paste orally to get rid of evil spirits or black magic. Also, tie a piece of root on the arm to get immediate result. (G-12) [OR-1-3-386]
    6. Greying of hair: Grind the leaves and seeds of Abrus precatorius. Extract juice from the paste. Apply the juice on hair as oil once a day one hour before taking bath. Apply for 3-4 days. (B-5) [OR-4-2-314]
    7. Liquid purging due to griping: Grind the root of Abrus precatorius and make a paste. Take 5 g of this paste with water only once. Also smear a little of this paste on the body. (J-6) [OR-4-2-112]
    8. Spermatorrhoea: Bring fresh water and keep it for one day in a pot. Grind half of one Abrus precatorius seed with a little water from the pot. Administer this as one dose a day orally. Take 21 doses in 21 days. (D-E) [OR-2-1-1206]
    9. Worm infection: Grind the dry seeds of Abrus precatorius to make powder. Take one teaspoonful of this powder once a day for two days. (B-3) [OR-3-2-80]
    10. Wound: Grind the roots of Abrus precatorius with fresh rhizome of Curcuma longa. Apply the paste on the wound until it cures. (J-5) [OR-5-1-50]

    * The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained in this plant database file is intended for education, entertainment and information purposes only. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plant described herein is not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database file and web site.




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    Last updated 2-11-2013